Two years later he produced The Miscellaneous Works of Philip Freneau, which include a number of his essays as well as poetry. Freneau spent the rest of his life at sea or on his New Jersey farm, occasionally involved in publishing, and still writing poetry.
He returned to the United States in and began writing both poetry and prose attacking the British and supporting the American cause.
The key to both his success and his failure was his passionately democratic spirit combined with an inflexible temper. His friends Madison and Jefferson persuaded him to set up his own newspaper in Philadelphia to counter the powerful Hamiltonian paper of John Fenno.
Owing to The Gazette's frequent attacks on his administration and himself, Washington took a particular dislike to Freneau. His popular poems, published in newspapers for the average reader, regularly celebrated American subjects. He retired to his farm and returned occasionally to the sea.
Byat the age of thirty-eight, with two collections of poetry in print and a reputation as a fiery propagandist and skillful sea captain, Freneau decided to settle down.
Both Hamilton and President George Washington were angry at the radical democratic opinions Freneau expressed in the paper. Suddenly inhe returned to New Jersey and joined the militia and sailed the Atlantic as a ship captain.
The romantic private poet within him struggled against his public role. When Thomas Jefferson helped him establish the militant, anti-Federalist National Gazette inFreneau became the first powerful, crusading newspaper editor in America, and the literary predecessor of William Cullen Bryant, William Lloyd Garrison, and H.
As a poet and editor, Freneau adhered to his democratic ideals. Nationalism inspired publications in many fields, leading to a new appreciation of things American. But politics called again. He died at 80 years of age, frozen to death while returning to his home, and was buried in what became the Philip Morin Freneau Cemetery on Poet's Drive in Matawan, New Jersey.
He tried teaching and soon found that he hated it. Born in New York on Jan. Though he was a serious student of theology and a stern moralist all his life, Freneau found his true calling in literature. As editor of the National Gazette, Freneau turned his attention to criticizing the government of Washington and Adams: The family, of Huguenot descent, was engaged in successful commercial enterprises and land investment.
Not until the "American Renaissance" that began in the s would American poetry surpass the heights that Freneau had scaled 40 years earlier. Byat the age of thirty-eight, with two collections of poetry in print and a reputation as a fiery propagandist and skillful sea captain, Freneau decided to settle down.
This unpleasant experience in which he almost dieddetailed in his work The British Prison Ship, would precipitate many more patriotic and anti-British writings throughout the revolution and after.
Not until the "American Renaissance" that began in the s would American poetry surpass the heights that Freneau had scaled 40 years earlier.
Philip Freneau One poet, Philip Freneau, incorporated the new stirrings of European Romanticism and escaped the imitativeness and vague universality of the Hartford Wits. He retired to his farm and returned occasionally to the sea.
As his roommate and close friend James Madison recognized early, Freneau's wit and verbal skills would make him a powerful wielder of the pen and a formidable adversary on the battlefields of print.
His newspaper work encouraged a fatal production of the satirical and humorous verse that gave him reputation; and his trading voyages inspired poems descriptive of the scenery of the southern islands, and made possible what is perhaps his most original work, his naval ballads.
During his last thirty years, he worked on his poems, wrote essays attacking the greed and selfishness of corrupt politicians, and sold pieces of his lands to produce a small income.
His poem "The British Prison Ship" is a bitter condemnation of the cruelties of the British, who wished "to stain the world with gore. During their senior year Freneau and Brackenridge labored long on another joint project to which Freneau contributed the greater share. Their composition was a patriotic poem of epic design, The Rising Glory of America, a prophecy of a time when a united nation should rule the vast continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Rutgers University Press, Philip Freneau () Sources. Jeffersonian editor and poet. Patriot. Philip Freneau was well prepared for a career as one of the most prominent literary figures in the early United States. He was born on 2 January to a wealthy New York family at the center of the cultural life of that colonial city.
Freneau later retired to a more rural life and wrote a mix of political and nature works. That Rascal Freneau: A study in literary failure () Nickson, Richard. Philip Freneau: Poet of the Revolution. Works by Philip Freneau at LibriVox.
Freneau alternated quiet periods at sea with periods of active newspaper work, until he retired early in the 19th century to his farm in Monmouth county. National Gazette Front page of the National Gazette, edited by Philip Freneau, January 23, This piece and other revolutionary works, including "Eutaw Springs," "American Liberty," "A Political Litany," "A Midnight Consultation," and "George the Third's Soliloquy," brought him fame as the "Poet of the American Revolution." Freneau edited a number of journals during his life, always mindful of the great cause of democracy.
Dive deep into Philip Freneau with extended analysis, commentary, and discussion The Time Piece and Literary Companion (March,to March Freneau celebrated the unsullied national life. Philip Freneau ().
Sources. Jeffersonian editor and poet. Patriot. Philip Freneau was well prepared for a career as one of the most prominent literary figures in the early United bigskyquartet.com was born on 2 January to a wealthy New York family at the center of the cultural life of that colonial city.
Freneau entered the College of New.Download